The Big Five Personality Traits ~ CANOE system

The Big Five Personality Traits ~ CANOE system

Five Factor Model of Personality

Personality is a unique aspect of every human being. Statistically, no two people have the same personality. This means that there are different types of personality traits for different people. 

According to recent and traditional studies, we have information that we classify these traits into five simple yet different personality types. The history behind this has an interesting story. As per earlier studies, 4000 different traits in personality exist, which was reduced to 16 after years. From 16, studies have jotted the traits down to the five most important and popular among them. 

These five personality traits are explained by the CANOE system that includes Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness and Extraversion. Let us know about all these traits in detail.

Big Five Personality Traits / Five Factor Model

five factor model of personality

Conscientiousness (C)

This personality trait contains higher thinking levels, good control of the impulse, and aim-directed actions. As we can see, people with this personality trait tend to have an organised and framed approach towards life. They are mostly associated with science, scientific works, and high retail financial services. They have skills in making detailed orientation and organisation, which makes them excel in their jobs. A person with a high conscientiousness trait generally plans situations ahead of time and works accordingly to see how others get affected by them. They are commonly seen in the project management and human resource departments and teams. This is because they can balance the skeletal roles along with the development of the entire team. They can balance both in places of work and family. They can keep focus at all places. 

Agreeableness (A)

A person having this personality trait shows good virtues of trust, love, kindness and altruism. They have high philanthropic behaviour, and they love spending their time helping others. Sharing problems, comforting others, and cooperating with them in their hard times are some of the unique traits of Agreeableness. You can also call it empathy to some extent. People having this personality trait have their careers in servicing and charitable organisations. They are mostly charity workers, psychologists, and medical persons. Even the people who work as a helping hand in delivering soups in the kitchen and restaurants are also observed falling under this category. They work as social workers and love dedicating time to them.

Neuroticism (N)

This personality trait is characterised by tranquillity, moodiness, sadness as well as emotional instability. Neuroticism does not mean anti-socialism or some bad psychological problem. It is both an emotional and physical response to matters like stress, threats, and bad moments in a person’s life. People having Neuroticism at high levels experience uneven and unexpected mood swings, irrational beliefs, and anxiety. A person or an individual who changes their personality every day according to the situation tends to be highly neurotic. These people have a lot of stress in their career as well as personal life. Anxiety plays a very major role in the life of a neurotic person. It is an ability of an individual to cope with the daily stress or risks. They overthink a lot and then suffocate within their own space. 

Openness (O)

Openness is one of the traits of the Five Factor Model of Personality that includes the quality of imagination as well as insights. They are very eager to see the world, experience new things and learn various aspects of life. They have a wide range of interests in their life and love to be on the run with thrill and adventures. This makes them make interesting decisions in their life. They also seem to be very creative and love getting out of their comfort zone when making decisions from their lateral and abstract thinking. They are the type of people who will order the most exotic food in the restaurant, travel the world, and do things that a normal person may not have thought of in his entire life.

Extraversion (E)

This is a trait that is mostly seen in people nowadays. This trait is easily identifiable and popularly known. You can describe someone as an ‘extravert’ when the person feels a lot of energy in the company of other people. It is the opposite of Introversion. Some characteristics of this trait are excessive talking, assertiveness, and emotional expression in large amounts. These qualities are so common that it makes them recognisable through their way of social interactions. They enjoy interacting with new people and then making the biggest friend groups. They are generally seen doing services in sales marketing, politics, and also in giving education.

The five big Personality tests/Five Factor Model

These five big personality traits ( five factor model of personality) can be tested using various tools as well as procedures. These tests find out the major to minor differences within the five big personality traits. A set of questions is asked where the person replies in the method of objective responses. Records based on the experiments of 5 consecutive tests are found to be reliable. It is the most scientific, valid, and reliable method to test personalities. 

There was a general comparison between the personality traits of men and women to see how much they differ from each other. Recent studies say that men and women are almost the same with their personalities and thoughts. These experiments have also concluded that more women tend to fall under Extraversion, Neuroticism and Agreeableness personality types than men. These personalities often show up over time in both genders.

big five personality test


Researchers say that if you carry all the five traits explained above, you’re an empath! To read more about empaths, click here :

The five factor model of personality also depicts the behaviour of a person. You may also find people having mixed personalities. In this case, what happens is – they have one trait very specific in them that makes them fall under one of the personality traits while the rest of the traits in them may belong to a different category/type.

Every personality trait is unique in its own way, which makes people differ from others in their thoughts and points of view. Learn to embrace yourself and your thoughts. Remember, you are a unique individual, and beautiful personality embedds within you.

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